Best Rangoli Designs Pattern 2017
History Of Rangoli Culture
Easy Rangoli Designs: It’s believed that rangoli designs started many centuries ago. Some references of rangoli designs are also available in our scriptures. The art of rangoli has changed and recharged over many centuries. Rangoli goes by various names in many parts of India. In Tamil Nadu it’s known as Kolam, in Andhra it’s known as muggulu, in Karnataka it’s known as muggitu, in Rajasthan it’s known as a Mandana and so on. We have some easy Indian rangoli designs for beginners. Practise these easy rangoli designs from the comfort of your homes to impress your in-laws or your neighbors. If you enter any Hindu house in India, you are bound to be welcomed by a rangoli design which is normally drawn with chalk powder or limestone powder on the floor. Traditionally rice flour was used to create rangoli designs since it can act as a food source for tiny insects and birds. Easy rangoli designs are used in almost all kinds of Hindu religious occasions, festivals, weddings and so on. It’s believed that rangolis ward off evil spirits from homes. So try one of these easy rangoli designs today.
Types Of Rangoli
Rangoli is present in different forms all over India but is known by different names in different parts of the country. Rangoli art is known by the following names:
• Alpana (West Bengal)
• Aripan (Bihar)
• Aipan (Uttarakhand)
• Jhoti or Chita (Orissa)
• Kolam (Tamil Nadu)
• Muggu (Andhra Pradesh)
• Madana (Rajasthan)
• Rangoli (Gujarat, Karnataka, and Maharashtra)
• Chowkpurana (Uttar Pradesh)
In fact, each state of India has its own style of rangoli. Design depictions also vary as they reflect traditions, folklore, and practices that are unique to each area. Rangoli is traditionally created by women in almost all Hindu households. No formal training is really necessary for learning this art. This art is typically transferred from generation to generation and from friend to friend, thus keeping the tradition alive.
Over the years, tradition has made room for modern variations that have added some flair to this beautiful art. Rangoli thus is rooted in tradition and yet thrives in this present era in a modern form.
Rangoli is very much an ‘art of the moment’, much like sand sculptures or street paintings. Its transient nature means it is dynamic, much like life, and culture.
Generally, traditional rangoli designs tend to be geometric and proportioned, though this has changed over time and newer themes and variations are being explored. Rangolis can be of any size, from the size of a doormat to the size of an entire room.
Rangoli was originally done in small patterns like 2 feet square. Nowadays, entrance to homes, wedding halls, large areas of the floor in hotel foyers, are covered in intricate and detailed rangoli designs. Traditionally, such floor decorations were done only on auspicious occasions or festivals. But today, they grace many occasions such as – weddings, birthday parties, opening ceremonies, corporate functions etc.
The one important point that all rangoli artists follow implicitly is to see that the entire pattern is created by an unbroken line, with no gaps to be left anywhere so there is no opening for evil spirits to enter. This is a strong belief in the Indian culture. This is important as rangolis are mostly drawn as an auspicious expression of hospitality to invite Gods/Goddesses and also guests to bless one’s home.
Women have traditionally been creating the rangoli patterns from memory while watching their mothers and grandmothers draw them all their lives. Girls on their way home from school would look at neighbor’s patterns and attempt to reproduce them when they got home. These days, girls copy from rangoli pattern books available from Indian publishing companies such as Navneet, or from weekly magazines and websites that feature “new” rangoli patterns, non-traditional patterns, some even include depictions of Santa Claus.
The materials that are used to make a rangoli are easily found everywhere – therefore there is no income divide –it is found at homes rich and poor. A variety of ingredients are used to create a Rangoli.
The day to day rangolis – the line drawings, in geometric and symmetrical shapes are drawn with dry rice powder or with rice paste. Rice powder is used because it is white in color and readily available. Also, it serves to feed ants/insects and small birds. This shows that one must take care of other forms of life too, to create a natural balance.
The dry, coarsely ground rice powder is placed between the thumb and forefinger and rubbed together and moved along a predetermined design by the artist. On festive occasions, large designs, depicting the occasion are drawn in front of the entrance to the house, and smaller ones inside the house. These are then outlined in red with ‘Kavi’ a red brick paste, to make it look grander and more beautiful.
All over India, floor paintings are essentially white in color. White is a symbol of peace, purity, and tranquillity. The material used is rice flour or rice paste, because rice to all Indians is a sign of prosperity. Finely ground white stone powder or chalk is used these days, as this is easier to apply and makes the rangolis brighter and well finished. (A better preparation is obtained by using a combination of white stone powder and rice flour.)
Yet another symbol of prosperity is the color yellow. Turmeric which is yellow or ochre in color is also often used to fill in the white outlines. Sometimes, vermilion or kumkum is also used. Vermilion, is considered auspicious.
Initially, colors were traditionally derived from natural dyes – from barks of trees, leaves, indigo, etc. However, today, synthetic dyes are used in a range of bright colors.
When colored powder such as rice, chili, turmeric, etc. are used to enhance the white powder creations the rangoli takes on a flat 2-D like appearance. Whereas a 3-D effect in rangolis is achieved when cereals, pulses either in their natural coloring or tinted with natural dyes are used to decorate and elevate the look. Some artists use the 3-D effect for borders alone while others create beautiful designs using grains and beads entirely. Grains, pulses, beads, or flowers are also used to achieve the desired effects.
Modern-day materials used in rangoli
Coloured powders like indigo used for cloth staining, spices like turmeric, rawa, rice flour, flour of wheat etc are traditionally used in the rangoli patterns.
Rangoli powders sold in markets
Coloured powders like indigo used for cloth staining, spices like turmeric, chili, rawa, rice flour, flour of wheat etc are traditionally used in the rangoli patterns.
But in the present day, colored powder is usually used directly for fancy decorations, but for detailed work, generally, the material is a coarsely grained powder base into which colors are mixed. The base is chosen to be coarse so that it can be gripped well and sprinkled with good control. The base can be sand, marble dust, sawdust, brick dust or other materials. The colors generally are very fine pigment powders like gulal/aabir available for the Holi festival or colors (mentioned above) especially sold for rangoli in South India. Powder colors can be simply mixed into the base.
If the base is light like sawdust, it can be used to make floating rangolis on the surface of still water. Sometimes saw-dust or sand is soaked into water-based colors and dried to give various tints. If a rangoli is to be made on water, the color should preferably be insoluble in water.
A large variety of materials are used to make the rangoli designs in the present day.
People across the country have learned to experiment and mix and match materials as the creative minds that make these rangolis are looking for innovative and modern answers. These materials are also colored as per the need.
A rangoli using these modern materials was created by students of IDC for the inaugural ceremony of TYPOGRAPHY DAY at IITB. This is a perfect example of the combination of learned rangoli skills, usage of modern materials and innovation and adaptation of the design to suit the occasion. The following pictures indicate the same. One can observe from this rangoli the usage of certain alphabets from some of the Indian languages as repetitive design elements.
A brief list of the rangoli materials used in the modern day is as follows:
• Rangoli colors: These are readily available in the market.
• Marble dust: This gives a good result, but becomes very heavy to carry in bulk.
• Sawdust: Sawdust is easier to handle and spread. It even floats on water.
• Rice: This is used as it is or ground for fine texture. Grains of rice can be used by themselves or they can be colored using food colors.
• Coloured Suzi/rawa: These grains are harder than sawdust and easy to spread, but they do not mix too well with colors.
• Petals: Rose petals, marigold petals, small purple flowers, finely cut grass, leaves like methi leaves etc can be used to fill up large designs. Strings of marigold, strings of kanakambara(orange colored slim delicate flowers available in South India), jasmine etc also are used to outline the rangolis.
• Pulses: Different shaped and colored pulses are used to fill up large rangoli designs. They lend a texture to the patterns.
• Fabric or poster color mixed with chalk powder: Small quantity of color is mixed with chalk powder and applied with a brush on the floor. This looks like a painting on the floor ….not a traditional form of rangoli, but it has an advantage over the traditional format as it is very easy to create and lasts relatively long.
• Coloured stones: These are used only for big and abstract rangolis as finesse is not possible with such materials. Also, they are neatly arranged in the patterns rather than spread by hand.
Materials used during special occasions in rangolis:
Rangoli also has a religious significance, enhancing the beauty of the surroundings and spreading joy and happiness all around. In Indian cultures, all guests and visitors occupy a very special place, and a rangoli is an expression of this warm hospitality. In particular, the Diwali festival is widely celebrated with rangoli, since at this time people visit each other’s homes to exchange greetings and sweets. Festivals like the Onam and Diwali are Indian religious events where the Rangoli designs are used profusely.
In the south Indian state of Kerala, flowers like marigolds and chrysanthemums and leaves are used to create Rangoli-the floor art is also known as pookolam. This is specially done on Onam Day (the most important festival in Kerala) or during the whole Onam Week when designs are changed every day.